A Comparative study on cotton production in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
In this paper, we inves gate the co on sectors in Southern Kazakhstan and Uz- bekistan. The South Kazakhstan oblast hasa popula on of 2,733,279 (KazStat 2014) on a territory of 117,300 km2, while Uzbekistan has a popula on of 29.7 million people on a land area of 447,400 km2. Central Asia in general is one of the three dominant cot- ton expor ng regions – the others being the USA and Francophone Africa – and accounts for more than two-thirds of the global cot- ton trade (Ba es 2007: 33; Pomfret 2007; Pomfret 2008; Wehrheim and Mar us 2008).
Based on historical evidence, co on has been cul vated in Central Asia since the 5th or 6th centuries (Atashev 1972; Rudenko 2008), with its success due to good agricultu- ral knowledge of the popula on and the fa- vourable clima c condi ons along the rivers. Central Asia’s poten al as a co on producing region captured the a en on of Tsarist Rus- sia as early as the mid-19th century, with the tex le industry seeking to bene t from this neighbouring region (Varenzov 2011; Ruden- ko 2008; Lasareva 2008). At that me, 80% of co on was being produced in the USA; by 1863, the civil war in the USA had caused a fourfold increase in the price of co on (Lasa- reva 2008), crea ng an incen ve to develop irriga on systems in Central Asia, which were to become a central component of co on growing system (Rudenko 2008: 39; Atashev 1972)