Integrated Water Resources Management: Putting Good Theory into Real Practice
When water occurs in the atmosphere, or infiltrate into the earth’s interior or occurs in the origins of streams and rivers (that are fed by precipitations or melting glaciers), it does not surmise (although Japanese scientists discovered that water is possessed with memory and sensitiveness) further down its’ intended use. Human beings could use it for drinking or sanitary purposes, for industrial production, to grow crops, or sent through turbines to generate electric power. In spite of impacts of modern life, water may still remain as a part of virgin nature that existed over thousands of years. In the very same nature, which humankind has selfishly subjugated with its ruthless actions to satisfy its own daily wants.
The integrity of water resources, as the great natural substance, requires that its management is implemented in an integrated manner, meaning the total consideration of all kinds of waters on earth; all kinds of water users; and all consequences that determines whether the water use is sustainable, effective, and/or harmless. Therefore, integrated water resources management (IWRM) is quite accessible for understanding and is considered as a specific objective that is perceived and recognized by the society and its political leaders. This is reflected in numerous declarations, decisions, and slogans. Today, if, a public opinion poll is called to answer a single question: “Do you support IWRM or not?” The answer is clear and loud. Most of people will say, “Of course, we support it.”